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Developmental Reading Assessment | Second Edition PLUS

(DRA2+)

Developmental Reading Assessment® | Second Edition PLUS (DRA2+) is a formative reading assessment system that allows teachers to assess student reading level and observe, record, and evaluate changes in performance. 

Pricing & Ordering

DRA2+ is sold only to accredited/approved schools and school districts.

The DRA3 assessment will be available soon. View the DRA2+/DRA3 side-by-side comparison.

Download the DRA2+ app from the App Store.

 

  • DRA2+ Kit grades 4-8

    9781428432512

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $378.50

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2 Kit grade 4-8 (does not include Progress Monitoring Assessment)

    9781428405325

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $266.75

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2+ Kit grades K-3

    9781428432505

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $435.75

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assess. Classroom pkg

    9781428423114

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $154.00

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2 Kit grade K-3 (does not include Progress Monitoring Assessment)

    9781428405295

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $330.00

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2 4-8 Level A Student Folder (30)

    9781428406568

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $42.75

    Qualification Level A

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    In stock

  • DRA2 K-3 level A Student Folder(30)

    9781428406551

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $42.75

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2+ Print Kit for the App (K-3)

    9781428433939

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $256.00

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2+ Print Kit for the App (4-8)

    9781428433946

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $203.00

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • EDL2 K-6 Level A Student Folder (30)

    9781428408258

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $51.50

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2+ Kit & iPad App Bundle GR K-3 (up to 30 students)

    9781402619984

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $542.75

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2+ Kit &iPad App Bundle GR 4-8 (up to 30 students)

    9781402619991

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $485.50

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2 Kit & iPad App Bundle GR K-3 (up to 30 students)

    9781402620010

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $437.25

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2 Kit & iPad App Bundle GR 4-8 (up to 30 students)

    9781402620027

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $373.75

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2+ App Print Kit & iPad App Bundle GR K-3 (up to 30 students)

    9781402620041

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $363.00

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2+ App Print Kit & iPad App Bundle GR 4-8 (up to 30 students)

    9781402620058

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $310.00

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • Online Management System yearly per student fee (above 30 students)

    9781428413207

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $4.75

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • Online Management System (yearly fee up to 30 students)

    9780765279675

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $93.75

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • iPad App Yearly Per-Teacher Subscription Grades K-3 (Up to 30 students)

    9781402619946

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $134.00

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • iPad App Yearly Per-Teacher Subscription Grades 4-8 (Up to 30 students)

    9781402619953

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $134.00

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

  • DRA2+/EDL2+ iPad App yearly per student fee (above 30 students per teacher)

    9781402619977

    Pricing and Qualification

    Price: $5.25

    Qualification Level A

    Ordering

    In stock

Product Details

DRA2+ is a valid measurement of accuracy, fluency, and comprehension as evidenced by criterion-related, construct, and content validity.

Benefits

  • Evaluate three components of reading (engagement, oral reading fluency, and comprehension) to determine a student’s independent (or instructional) level.
  • Observe and document student reading abilities, as well as inform instructional practice.
  • Save time, eliminate paperwork, and ensure consistent and timely administration. 
  • Access a variety of shareable reports that monitor student reading progress over time, confirm ongoing observations, and track them compared to benchmarks.

Features

The DRA2+ reading assessment system includes:

  • DRA2+ App: assess each student's reading performance to determine an independent reading level, as well as the precise instruction needed to achieve reading success. (Available in the App Store)
  • DRA2 Benchmark Assessment: measures each student's reading proficiency through systematic observation, recording, and evaluating of performance.
  • DRA Word Analysis: consists of 40 tasks that assess skills related to phonological awareness, metalanguage, letter/word recognition, phonics and structural analysis/syllabication.
  • DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment: includes brief passages DRA levels 4-60 so teachers may regularly observe and record reading behaviors of students between Benchmark Assessments.
  • DRA2+ Online Management System: provides a secure, convenient way for teachers to group students for instruction and to manage each student's DRA assessment information.
 

Resources

The following resources are available for DRA2+

 
 

Correlations

National

TitleAlignment CriteriaGrade

Words Their Way: Word Study in Action

Developmental Reading Assessment® (DRA) 2nd Edition ©2006 Word Analysis

K-5

Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2), DRA2 Word Analysis, and DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (PMA)

Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts

Kindergarten

Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2), DRA2 Word Analysis, and DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (PMA)

Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts

1

Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2), DRA2 Word Analysis, and DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (PMA)

Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts

2

Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2), DRA2 Word Analysis, and DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (PMA)

Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts

3

Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2), DRA2 Word Analysis, and DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (PMA)

Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts

4

Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2), DRA2 Word Analysis, and DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (PMA)

Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts

5

 

Louisiana

TitleAlignment CriteriaGrade

Developmental Reading Assessment®, 2nd Edition PLUS (DRA2+)

Louisiana English Language Arts-Content Standards Benchmarks for K-4 for Transitional Readers

K-4

Developmental Reading Assessment®, 2nd Edition PLUS (DRA2+)

Louisiana English Language Arts-Content Standards Benchmarks for K-4 for Extending Readers

K-4

Developmental Reading Assessment®, 2nd Edition PLUS (DRA2+)

Louisiana English Language Arts-Content Standards Benchmarks for K-4 for Emergent Readers

K-4

Developmental Reading Assessment®, 2nd Edition PLUS (DRA2+)

Louisiana English Language Arts-Content Standards Benchmarks for K-4 for Early Readers

K-4

 

New Jersey

TitleAlignment CriteriaGrade

New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards for Language Arts Literacyfor Language Arts Literacy

New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards for Language Arts Literacy

5-6

 

Virginia

TitleAlignment CriteriaGrade

DRA2 Word Analysis

Virginia Learning Standards

Kindergarten

DRA2 Word Analysis

Virginia Learning Standards

1

DRA2 Word Analysis

Virginia Learning Standards

2

DRA2 Word Analysis

Virginia Learning Standards

3

 

FAQs

Select a question below to see the response.

Frequently Asked Questions About DRA2, K–3

What is the appropriate number of times to administer DRA2?

In general, the assessment is given twice a year (fall and spring) to provide teachers with information to guide instruction. There is always the option to administer the assessment more frequently. Oftentimes, the assessment is administered at midyear to identify the needs or skills of students who are challenged readers. It is also given mid-year, in some cases, to monitor student progress and to provide more instructional guidance.

Is it okay to prompt the child and ask the child to reread with better expression?

No. When a student is reading aloud during the assessment, it is not an instructional moment. The information gained from the student’s oral reading is intended to be a snapshot of the student’s skills at that point in time. The teacher should use the information gleaned from the assessment to guide instruction in the weeks to come.

Do we count a word error if a child misreads the word every time it is repeated in the text?

Every error, except for the repetition of a person’s name (Raymond for Ramon), is counted each time.

Should the retelling expectations be the same for a first grader and a third grader?

Yes, but on varied levels of text difficulty. In other words, a first grader reading DRA2 text Levels 4 to 16 would still require a score of 20 on the Comprehension section of the Continuum to demonstrate an Independent response, but he or she would be retelling text that is simpler/less complex. A third grader would be extracting the information from text that is longer and more complex. It is important to model and teach how to give a retelling, as well as have students practice giving retellings.

 

Frequently Asked Questions About DRA2, 4–8

Do we count a word error if a student misreads the word every time it is repeated in the text? 

In DRA2, you should use the procedures set forth by Dr. Clay for scoring and analyzing running records. Every error, except for the repetition of a person’s name (Raymond for Ramon), is counted each time. 

Why does the DRA2 count all the errors in an oral passage instead of counting only the significant miscues, as in Jerry Johns’ Basic Reading Inventory (BRI)?

The DRA2 counts all the errors in order to be more consistent. One teacher may consider an error insignificant, while another teacher may consider that same error as important.

How does the DRA2 inform instruction for Independent students?

Students who score in the Independent range in Comprehension and oral reading Accuracy and Rate will still benefit from further instruction. Examine the pattern of circled statements on the student’s Continuum to identify areas to instruct/scaffold (Intervention or Instructional scores), extend (Independent or Advanced scores), or reinforce (Independent or Advanced scores). See the Moving Into Instruction section of the Handbook for specific instructional activities based on what students are “generally able to do” and what they “are learning to do.”

The two best questions to ask at the end of a DRA2 are:

• Have I learned anything new about this student from this assessment?

• Is there more teaching that needs to take place at this point?

If the answer to either question is yes, the information to guide instruction has been obtained.

What is the appropriate number of times to administer DRA2?

In general, DRA2 is given twice a year (fall and spring) to provide teachers with information to guide instruction. There is always the option to administer the assessment more frequently. Often times, the assessment is administered at midyear to identify the needs or skills of students who are challenged readers. It is also given midyear, in some cases, to monitor student progress and provide more instructional guidance.

Is it okay to prompt the student and ask the student to reread with better expression?

No.When a student is reading aloud during the assessment, it is not an instructional moment. The information gained from the student’s oral reading is intended to be a snapshot of the student’s skills at that point in time. The teacher should use the information gleaned from the assessment to guide instruction in the weeks to come.

How do DRA levels correlate with the Fountas and Pinnell Guided Reading levels?

DRA levels represent on-grade level texts and correspond with the range of Fountas and Pinnell Guided Reading levels in the on-grade level zone. In addition, observations of students’ oral reading, coupled with the information from the Continuum and Focus for Instruction, provide teachers with direction for instruction and/or guided reading.

 

Other Questions

Are there any specific instructions for a student who stutters?

The classroom teacher should collaborate with the student’s speech-language pathologist (SLP) and review the student’s Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for more direction. The IEP should suggest appropriate accommodations for the student. In the case of an oral reading fluency measure, if neither the SLP nor the IEP provides guidance, the timed oral reading fluency measure should be disregarded and so noted.

How should a record of oral reading or a measure of oral reading fluency be scored for a student with a speech sound disorder (SSD)?

Teachers providing instructional support for a student with an SSD should be familiar with the specific sounds or classes of sounds in error for the student. When reading orally, a student should have known speech sound errors, such as a sound substitution, omission, or distortion, counted as correct and not a miscue. The teacher should score based on the student’s intended word, excusing the SSD errors.

 

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