Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale | Fifth Edition

WAIS-5
The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale®, Fifth Edition (WAIS®-5) is the most advanced psychometric measure of adult cognitive ability, based on recent research in the area of cognitive neuroscience and the theories and work of David Wechsler, PhD. It is an individually administered clinical instrument for assessing cognitive ability. 
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  • Kits

    Starter & complete kits, print & digital

    4 options

    from $1,484.10
  • Test forms & reports

    Booklets, record forms, answer sheets, report usages & subscriptions

    6 options

    from $2.75
  • Support materials

    Manuals, stimulus books, replacement items & other materials

    12 options

    from $29.00
  • Training

    Onsite, virtual & on-demand trainings

    2 options

    from $468.00
  • All products

    All tests & materials offered for WAIS-5

    24 options

    from $2.75
- of 24 results
  • WAIS-5 Complete Kit (Print) and Q-global Scoring Subscription 1 Year (Digital)
    A103000372558 Qualification Level C

    Includes Administration and Scoring Manual (Print), Technical and Interpretive Manual (Print), 3 Stimulus Books (Print), Record Forms Qty 25 (Print), Response Booklets Qty 25 (Print), Symbol Search Scoring Key (Print), Coding Scoring Template (Print), Running Digit Span Scoring Template (Print), Spatial Addition Response Grid (Print), Spatial Addition Set, 9 Block Kohs blocks, one #2 pencil, and a luggage tag, all in a box. Also includes 1 year unlimited scoring per user within an account

    $1,484.10

    Estimated release:September 2024
  • WAIS-5 Complete Kit with Softcase (Print) and Q-global Scoring Subscription 1 Year (Digital)
    A103000373098 Qualification Level C

    Includes Administration and Scoring Manual (Print), Technical and Interpretive Manual (Print), 3 Stimulus Books (Print), Record Forms Qty 25 (Print), Response Booklets Qty 25 (Print), Symbol Search Scoring Key (Print), Coding Scoring Template (Print), Running Digit Span Scoring Template (Print), Spatial Addition Response Grid (Print), Spatial Addition Set, 9 Block Kohs blocks, one #2 pencil, and a luggage tag, all in a box and a soft-sided carrying bag. Also includes 1 year unlimited scoring per user within an account

    $1,565.10

    Estimated release:September 2024
  • WAIS-5 Complete Kit with Softcase (Print)
    A103000372859 Qualification Level C

    Includes Administration and Scoring Manual (Print), Technical and Interpretive Manual (Print), 3 Stimulus Books (Print), Record Forms Qty 25 (Print), Response Booklets Qty 25 (Print), Symbol Search Scoring Key (Print), Coding Scoring Template (Print), Running Digit Span Scoring Template (Print), Spatial Addition Response Grid (Print), Spatial Addition Set, 9 Block Kohs blocks, one #2 pencil, and a luggage tag, all in a box and a soft-sided carrying bag.

    $1,565.10

    Estimated release:September 2024
  • WAIS-5 Complete Kit (Print)
    A103000372264 Qualification Level C

    Includes Administration and Scoring Manual (Print), Technical and Interpretive Manual (Print), 3 Stimulus Books (Print), Record Forms Qty 25 (Print), Response Booklets Qty 25 (Print), Symbol Search Scoring Key (Print), Coding Scoring Template (Print), Running Digit Span Scoring Template (Print), Spatial Addition Response Grid (Print), Spatial Addition Set, 9 Block Kohs blocks, one #2 pencil, and a luggage tag, all in a box.

    $1,484.10

    Estimated release:September 2024
  • WAIS-5 Q-global Scoring Subscription 1 Year (Digital)
    A103000371620 Qualification Level C

    Includes unlimited scoring per user within an account

    $50.00

    Estimated release:September 2024
  • WAIS-5 Q-global Scoring Subscription 3 Year (Digital)
    A103000371621 Qualification Level C

    Includes unlimited scoring per user within an account

    $140.00

    Estimated release:September 2024
  • Spatial Addition Set
    A103000371618 Qualification Level C

    Includes Spatial addition chips and pouch. Spatial Addition Response grid sold separately.

    $98.00

    Estimated release:September 2024
  • WAIS-5 Stimulus Book 1 (Print)
    A103000369672 Qualification Level C

    Includes Block Design, Matrix Reasoning, Vocabulary, Figure Weights and Visual Puzzles

    $359.00

  • WAIS-5 Stimulus Book 2 (Print)
    A103000369673 Qualification Level C

    Includes Arithmetic, Symbol Span, Naming Speed Quantity, Set Relations

    $359.00

  • WAIS-5 Stimulus Book 3 (Print)
    A103000369674 Qualification Level C

    Includes Spatial Addition

    $259.00

  • WAIS-5 Record Forms Qty 25 (Print)
    A103000369658 Qualification Level C

    $172.00

  • WAIS-5 Response Booklets Qty 25 (Print)
    A103000369659 Qualification Level C

    $114.00

  • WAIS-5 Coding Scoring Template
    A103000369660 Qualification Level C

    $29.00

  • WAIS-5 Symbol Search Scoring Key
    A103000369661 Qualification Level C

    $39.00

  • WAIS-5 Running Digit Span Scoring Template (Print)
    A103000369662 Qualification Level C

    $29.00

  • WAIS-5 Administration and Scoring Manual (Print)
    A103000369663 Qualification Level C

    $303.00

  • WAIS-5 Q-global Administration and Scoring Manual (Digital)
    A103000369653 Qualification Level C

    Once ordered, the digital asset is accessible by logging into Q-global and visiting the Q-global Resource Library. It is a view-only digital file.

    $303.00

  • WAIS-5 Technical and Interpretive Manual (Print)
    A103000369664 Qualification Level C

    $303.00

  • WAIS-5 Q-Global Technical and Interpretive Manual (Digital)
    A103000369654 Qualification Level C

    Once ordered, the digital asset is accessible by logging into Q-global and visiting the Q-global Resource Library. It is a view-only digital file.

    $303.00

  • WAIS-5 Q-global Score Report Qty 1 (Digital)
    A103000369675 Qualification Level C

    $2.75

  • Wechsler Red/White Kohs Block Set-9
    A103000369669 Qualification Level C

    Includes a standard set of 9 blocks in a storage box

    $54.50

  • Spatial Addition Response Grid (Print)
    A103000369666 Qualification Level C

    $23.00

  • WAIS-5 Overview Live Webinar 3 Hours
    A103000396933 Qualification Level C

    Training dates for WAIS-5 must be scheduled after October 1, 2024.

    This three-hour interactive session introduces the fifth edition of the Wechsler® Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-5), a cognitive assessment used with adolescents and adults. Updates to the WAIS-5 relative to its predecessor (WAIS-IV) will be reviewed with a focus on updated norms, new subtests, new indexes, the new five-factor structure, and other revisions. Hands-on practice with administration and scoring, specifically with new features, will be provided. Price includes up to 40 people per session.

    Training orders will be processed within 5-7 business days of order placement. A training consultant will contact you to coordinate your training. Training dates are scheduled no earlier than 5 weeks from order placement.

    $1,965.60

  • WAIS-5 Live Question and Answer Virtual One Hour
    A103000396934 Qualification Level C

    Training dates for the WAIS-5 must be scheduled after October 1, 2024.

    Price includes up to 40 people per session. This 1-hour Q&A session supports participants who have attended a previous session or are familiar with the assessment. A Pearson expert will meet with participants to address follow-up questions and support specific assessment-related needs. To use the hour efficiently, participants may submit questions in advance. Q&A sessions do not include handouts or slides.

    Training orders will be processed within 5-7 business days of order placement. A training consultant will contact you to coordinate your training. Training dates are scheduled no earlier than 5 weeks from order placement.

    $468.00

Overview

Publication date:
2024
Age range:
16:0–90:11
Qualification level:
C
Completion time:
45 minutes for the 7-subtest FSIQ; 60 minutes for the 10 primary index subtests
Administration:
Paper or Q-interactive®
Scoring options:
Paper or Q-global®

WAIS-5 Training

WAIS-5 Training now available at pre-publication pricing.

Dates must be scheduled after October 1, 2024.

Order today

Product Details

Overview

The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale®, Fifth Edition (WAIS®-5), the most comprehensive and reliable assessment of cognitive ability now features reduced administration time, updated norms, improved clinical utility, and improved user experience. The WAIS-5 is widely used in clinical, educational, correctional, and pharmaceutical research and in government settings.

As an added benefit, WAIS-5 has been co-normed with WMS®-5 to increase the precision of IQ and memory comparisons.

Features and benefits

  • New later start points for those suspected of intellectual giftedness
    • Decreased testing time
  • New index scores for examinees with expressive or motor problems
    • Improved interpretive clarity
    • Measure of ability not confounded by expressive language or motor problems
  • Separate visual spatial and fluid reasoning indexes
    • Purer measure of both constructs
    • Improved interpretive clarity
  • Comprehensive measurement of working memory
    • Auditory, visual, spatial, capacity, and focus of attention
    • Task that mimics real-world rate of speech
  • New quantitative reasoning index
    • Strong indicator of general intelligence and predictor of academic and career success
  • New crystallized and fluid expanded index scores
    • Broader measures of the two cornerstones of intelligence
  • New subtests
    • Running Digits
    • Set Relations
    • Naming Speed Quantity
    • Spatial Addition
    • Symbol Span

WAIS-5 Stay in the Know

The WAIS-5 will be published fall 2024. Sign up for further updates by filling out the “Stay in the know” form.

Stay In the Know

 

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WAIS-5 Training

WAIS-5 Training now available at pre-publication pricing.

Dates must be scheduled after October 1, 2024.

Order today

FAQs

Test framework, revision goals, and general practice issues

Is the WAIS-5 quicker to administer than the WAIS-IV?

Yes. Substantial efforts were made during development to achieve the shortest testing time possible and still offer greater construct coverage and flexibility. As a result, administration time is shorter than that of the WAIS–IV. For the heart of the test, the primary index scores, the subtests take less time (about 10 minutes) to administer than the WAIS–IV. The FSIQ, now with only seven subtests, can be obtained about 20 minutes faster than the WAIS–IV. Because administration time is determined by the composite scores desired, it varies based on the practitioner's choices. The WAIS-5 provides ten secondary subtests to expand the clinical utility. If you opt to administer these subtests, the testing time will be somewhat longer.

Examinees who are intellectually gifted commonly require long testing times because they meet discontinue rules late in the item order or not at all. The WAIS-5 incorporates special start points for examinees suspected of intellectual giftedness (i.e., SIG start points) that result in testing time reduction of approximately 25% relative to using standard start points with high-ability examinees.

What are the recommendations for using the WAIS-5 over the WISC–V when evaluating examinees aged 16?

Because the age ranges of the WAIS-5 and the WISC–V overlap for examinees aged 16, practitioners have the option of choosing the appropriate measure for an examinee this age.

  • For examinees suspected of below average cognitive ability or examinees with clinical diagnoses, the WISC–V should be administered because of its lower floor at this age range.
  • For examinees of high ability, however, the WAIS-5 should be considered because of its higher ceiling.
  • For the examinee of average ability, the choice between the WAIS-5 and the WISC–V requires clinical judgment from the educational and/or psychological professional.

Both tests require the administration of 10 subtests to calculate the FSIQ and primary index scores, but examinees who have difficulty completing a lengthier assessment may benefit if the WAIS-5 is used because it is somewhat faster to obtain the primary index scores and the FSIQ consists of only seven subtests. The WISC–V provides some additional complementary index scores and more links to achievement tests that may be informative for certain referral questions (e.g., specific learning disability). The reasons for referral, familiarity with the tests, and knowledge of the examinee's characteristics (e.g., attention span) should be taken into consideration.

How long do professionals have to transition from using the WAIS–IV to the WAIS-5?

Publications such as the current American Psychological Association (APA) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, and Assessment of Children: Cognitive Foundations provide guidance about the use of obsolete tests. Most practitioners make the move to the new edition within 8–12 months of the release. When making the decision, consider your own practice situation and the importance of the evaluations you conduct. For example, in cases where the older edition is used, and an independent educational evaluation is requested, a school system may be at a greater risk of having results called into question. The Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing states that if an older version of a test is used when a newer version is published or made available, test users are responsible for providing evidence that the older version is as appropriate as the new version for that particular use.

How has the test structure changed?

Changes in the test structure include new and separate Visual Spatial and Fluid Reasoning index scores and new measures of verbal reasoning, motor-reduced processing speed and expanded fluid reasoning and working memory. To augment the primary index scores, the GAI and the FSIQ, fourteen new ancillary index scores are also available: verbal (expanded crystallized), verbal reasoning, expanded visual spatial, expanded fluid, quantitative reasoning, expanded working memory, visual working memory, auditory working memory-registration and manipulation, expanded processing speed, motor-reduced processing speed, nonverbal, nonmotor, and cognitive proficiency. Each of the five cognitive domains features an expanded index score which is useful if a closer evaluation of one or more domains is needed (e.g., to provide more information about an unusual discrepancy between two subtests of a primary index) or if a particular application requires it (e.g., learning disability determination in some U.S. states, admission to programs or organizations for intellectually gifted individuals). The changes were influenced by contemporary structural models of intelligence, neurodevelopmental theory and neurocognitive research, clinical utility and factor-analytic studies.

The separation of Visual Spatial and Fluid Reasoning index scores results in greater interpretive clarity. The addition of visual working memory enhances the scale's clinical utility due to domain-specific differentiation of working memory abilities. Four of the new ancillary index scores that sample from multiple cognitive domains can be useful for examinees with special circumstances (e.g., extreme expressive language impairment or decline, extreme motor impairment or decline) or for certain applications (e.g., comparisons with measures of another construct, such as memory or achievement).

Why did the WAIS-5 change the number of subtests needed to derive the FSIQ from 10 to 7?

The decision to change the WAIS full scale IQ on the fifth edition to 7 subtests rather than 10 was based on a variety of factors. Because the test was moving from 4 to 5 factors, there was an option to base it upon 2 subtests from each of the 5 index scores. However, there were a number of advantages to the 7 subtest model, including:

  • emphasized important aspects of intelligence that are more predictive of a variety of outcomes and related constructs (e.g., achievement, memory, executive function),
  • more related to general intelligence (g) psychometrically,
  • more clinically sensitive to a wide variety of clinical conditions,
  • more theoretically consistent with what we have learned about effective and efficient brain functioning,
  • more consistent with everyday functioning in that language/verbal abilities compose more of the everyday interactions,
  • with crystallized and fluid ability, the 10 subtest model would greatly underemphasize their importance,
  • this model best minimized racial/ethnic differences in the FSIQ.

There were many other factors, but these are some of the major ones.

Is color-blindness a factor on the WAIS-5?

Color-blindness occurs in approximately 10% of the general population, and more commonly in males. We have made every effort to ensure our items, including those on the WISC–V, WPPSI–IV, WASI–II, WAIS–IV, WISC–IV, WPPSI–III, and WASI, are free of bias against these individuals. Items are reviewed by color-blindness experts as well as individuals with color-blindness during early stages of test development. In addition, acetate overlays have been utilized to give the test developers a visual representation of the stimuli as it appears to individuals with the various types of color-blindness. Items are also copied in greyscale to check appearance to those with monochromatic color-blindness. All items are also subjected to a color-blindness simulation to check item appearance with every type of color-blindness and to ensure that the intensity and saturation of colors are not overly similar and do not suggest different responses.

Can the WAIS-5 be administered remotely?

The WAIS-5 Nonmotor Index (NMI) can be easily applied in remote testing situations. All testing can take place in the remote environment because no manipulatives or response booklets are required. The testing time required to obtain the NMI is slightly less than that of the FSIQ, which is desirable in tele-assessment situations. A similar nonmotor score developed by Raiford (2017) has been recommended for remote assessment (Wright & Raiford, 2021).

The NMI can be interpreted similarly to the FSIQ as a measure of general intellectual ability that eliminates the requirement for motor production. There are some differences in task demands across the two scores that might result in slightly different conceptualization of the FSIQ and the NMI. The cognitive processes involved in Visual Puzzles, unlike Block Design, do not involve visual-motor integration or trial-and-error problem-solving with feedback. Furthermore, Visual Puzzles may place slightly greater demands on mental rotation. Coding and Naming Speed Quantity each involve cognitive speed and visual scanning. Coding involves encoding and rapidly retrieving newly encoded associations and graphomotor speed, but Naming Speed Quantity involves rapid retrieval of frequently used and overlearned long-term associations and very simple expressive responses.

Is substitution allowed for the FSIQ?

In some clinical situations, such as when an examinee’s sensory limitations or physical condition interferes with performance, you may choose to substitute another subtest for one of the FSIQ subtests and/or for one of the subtests that contributes to the Nonmotor Index (NMI). If a subtest is invalidated for any reason, substitution may be necessary. It is not appropriate to substitute a subtest for the sole purpose of changing the FSIQ or the NMI.

Subtest substitution may increase measurement error in derived scores, so there are restrictions to its use. The subtests represent different abilities; therefore, substitution is limited to subtests measuring similar constructs. Only one substitution is permitted when deriving the FSIQ or the NMI, and the substituted subtest must be for another subtest from the same domain. For example, a Verbal Comprehension subtest may be substituted for a missing or invalid Verbal Comprehension subtest, but not for a missing or invalid Visual Spatial, Fluid Reasoning, Working Memory, or Processing Speed subtest. Subtest substitutions for the NMI must not require motor production.

Substitution is not allowed for any primary or ancillary index except for the NMI.

Subtests

Why were Cancellation and Picture Completion dropped?

Two WAIS–IV subtests were removed for this revision: Picture Completion and Cancellation. Picture Completion was removed to decrease the emphasis on speed in the battery and to allow other measures of interest (i.e., Set Relations, Running Digits, Symbol Span, and Spatial Addition) to be included. Cancellation was removed in favor of a new, motor-free Processing Speed subtest, Naming Speed Quantity.

Are the Comprehension items updated?

The questions remain the same, but the sample responses were updated slightly to account for societal and language changes. The scoring criteria for all items are revised.

Are the WAIS-5 items different from WAIS-IV on Coding and Symbol Search?

Coding did not change. The Symbol Search items and the font and spacing are different. Both subtests are administered on paper with the response booklet and are not available digitally on Q-interactive.

What are the new subtests?

Set Relations: New Fluid Reasoning subtest designed to measure logical deductive reasoning, fluid intelligence, and simultaneous processing. It may also involve working memory and crystallized knowledge.

Running Digits: New Auditory Working Memory subtest designed to measure registration and maintenance, including refreshing and updating information held in short term storage while processing additional stimuli. It is designed to measure aspects of the central executive and episodic buffer and the focus of attention.

Naming Speed Quantity: New Processing Speed subtest designed to measure numerical processing fluency and the ability to recognize and label quantities efficiently (subitizing).

Spatial Addition: A measure of Visual Working Memory designed to measure visual spatial working memory and requires storage, manipulation, and ability to ignore competing stimuli (also included on WMS®-IV and WMS-5).

Symbol Span: A measure of Visual Working Memory designed to measure the capacity to hold a mental image of a design in mind and the relative spatial position on the page (also included on WMS-IV and WMS-5).

Why do Visual Puzzles and Figure Weights have strict time limits, and Matrix Reasoning does not?

Similar to Block Design, higher ability examinees tend to perform Visual Puzzles and Figure Weights items more quickly. Given enough time, low ability examinees can eventually respond to items correctly. This is not the case with Matrix Reasoning. The 30 second guideline was established because completion time data indicated that the vast majority of examinees who will respond correctly do so within 30 seconds, but giving additional time to low ability examinees did not result in correct scores. A strict time limit is therefore unnecessary: Grant additional time if the examinee has established a pattern of providing delayed but correct responses as the item difficulty increases.

Why is Digits Span Forward, a secondary subtest, placed early in the subtest order?

Digits Forward should be administered before Digit Sequencing or Digits Backward, as omitting Digits Forward results in lower Digit Sequencing and Digits Backward scores for some examinees, possibly due to the loss of instructional progression.

NEW Index Scores

When would you report the Expanded Index Scores?

Five of the new ancillary index scores are expanded index scores, which offer broad measures of verbal comprehension, visual spatial ability, fluid reasoning, working memory, and processing speed. Additional subtests from the desired domains must be administered to obtain the expanded index scores.

The expanded index scores may be of interest for various purposes. They provide broader assessment of a cognitive domain to clarify the examinee’s ability if a statistically significant or unusual discrepancy is present between two subtests that contribute to the corresponding primary index score. They offer the opportunity to obtain an expanded assessment of abilities for examinees with clinical conditions or intellectual giftedness to better understand strengths, needs, or areas for enrichment. They are useful for ability-achievement and PSW analyses for specific learning disability identification, particularly if the two subtests that contribute to the corresponding primary index score that represents a processing strength or weakness are discrepant to a large degree. They also have utility when conducting evaluations in settings, institutions, or areas that require composite scores derived from more than two subtests (e.g., to perform comparisons with achievement scores in some U.S. states, to submit for admission to scholar programs).

Why is Visual Puzzles not included in the GAI?

The GAI has always been conceptualized as the same subtests as the FSIQ but removing subtests explicitly contributing to the WMI or PSI, so that it can be directly compared to the FSIQ. Visual Puzzles does not contribute to the FSIQ. Therefore, it does not contribute to the GAI.

Kit materials

How many stimulus books are in the WAIS-5

There are three stimulus books, but only two of them (i.e., Stimulus Books 1 and 2) are required to administer the subtests that are used to derive the five primary index scores, the FSIQ, and 12 of the 15 ancillary index scores. Stimulus Book 3 contains the Spatial Addition subtest, which is needed to derive the remaining three ancillary index scores.

How many response booklets are in the WAIS-5?

There is only one response booklet containing the Coding and Symbol Search subtests.

Will digital assets be available on Q-global®?

Yes, both the Administration and Scoring Manual and the Technical and Interpretive Manual will be available in the Q-global Resource Library for purchase, as well as the Response Booklet (for demonstration purposes) and all three Stimulus Books.

Q-global and Q-interactive scoring and reporting

What is Q-global?

Q-global is a web-based scoring and reporting platform that offers accessibility from any device connected to the Internet. It allows for quick and automatic organization of examinee information and the ability to generate scores and produce accurate and detailed results. Reports are available in a .pdf or .doc format.

When you purchase Q-global scoring, can you access it from any computer connected to the Internet or only one computer in the office?

Because Q-global is web-based, you may access it from any device that is connected to the Internet.

What is Q-interactive®?

Q-interactive is a 1:1 iPad®-based testing system that helps administer, score, and report on our commonly used clinical assessments. You use the first iPad to access the test administration instructions, score and record responses, and control visual stimuli. The examinee uses the other iPad to view and respond to stimuli. Q-interactive testing does not require a Wi-Fi connection during administration.

To use Q-interactive®, do I need to purchase iPad devices?

Administering the WAIS-5 on Q-interactive does require the purchase or rental of two iPad devices if you do not already have them.

Related instruments

Was the WAIS-5 co-normed with the WMS®-5, as it has been with previous editions?

Like their predecessors, the WAIS-5 and the forthcoming Wechsler Memory Scale® (5th ed.; WMS®–5; Wechsler, in press) research programs overlapped during the standardization stages to allow for co-norming. The linkage provides a more complete picture of cognitive functioning in the areas of intellectual ability and memory and enables a direct comparison of intelligence and memory through normative information. The linkage additionally enables prediction of memory scores on the basis of intellectual ability scores and interpretation of memory scores in the context of intellectual ability scores. Information regarding the co-normative sample, correlations between measures, and analyses relevant to concurrent use of the two scales (e.g., ability-memory discrepancy comparisons and ability-memory contrast scores) will be reported in the WMS-5 Technical and Interpretive Manual (Wechsler, in press).

When will the WMS-5 be available?

The WMS-5 is expected to be available for purchase in the latter half of 2025. More information will be shared when the final publication date is confirmed.

When will the Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS) be available? 

There will be a staggered release of the ACS components in 2025 and 2026.

When will the Test of Premorbid Functioning (TOPF) for WAIS-5 be available?

The TOPF-2 will be published after the WMS-5 in 2025.

 

Webinars

The following training events are available for WAIS-5. 

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