A telepractice session includes an examiner in one geographical location and an examinee at a different location. Using a high-speed internet connection and a secure software platform designed for web-based meetings (i.e., teleconference platform), an examiner and examinee—along with a facilitator in the examinee location, if necessary—join a shared web-based meeting via computers with audio and video capability. The examiner and examinee can see and hear one another throughout the session. Text, pictures, and video can be shared through the teleconference platform.
The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children–Fifth Edition (WISC–V; Wechsler, 2014) can be administered in a telepractice context by using digital tools from Q-global®, Pearson’s secure online-testing platform. Specifically, Q-global digital assets (e.g., stimulus books) can be shown via the screen-sharing features of teleconference platforms to an examinee in another location. Details regarding Q-global and how it is used are provided on the Q-global product page.
A spectrum of options is available for administering the WISC–V via telepractice. They vary based on the role of the onsite facilitator. If the onsite facilitator is a well-trained professional, telepractice can involve the use of manipulatives (e.g., blocks), response booklets, and audiovisual equipment. This method supports all of the traditional published WISC–V composite scores.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, however, the only facilitator available may be someone in the examinee’s home. If using an onsite facilitator who is not in a professional role (e.g., parent/guardian), the examiner should use their professional judgment about the capacity of the facilitator to perform the required functions correctly and without interfering in the testing session. If deemed appropriate, the onsite facilitator can open response booklets provided in an envelope (as outlined in the Test/Test Materials section) during the session. Rather than Block Design, Visual Puzzles can be substituted or the Full Scale IQ can be prorated. This method makes available all of the WISC–V composite scores with the exception of the Visual Spatial Index, the Nonverbal Index, and the General Ability Index.
If the onsite facilitator is a parent/guardian, follow the guidelines outlined in the administration and scoring manual regarding the presence of a parent or guardian in the room to ensure adherence to standard administration procedures. As specified in the manual, it is very rare that the parent/guardian stays in the room during testing. The parent/guardian may only make audiovisual adjustments and, if deemed appropriate, manage response booklets.
The onsite facilitator can play an even more limited role without managing response booklets if necessary. For example, the facilitator may operate audiovisual equipment only. If blocks and response booklets are not used, composite scores can be derived through using a combination of the WISC–V published scores and portions of Essentials of WISC–V Integrated Assessment (Raiford, 2017), which is available to customers within the Q-global Resource Library courtesy of John Wiley & Sons. These are referred to as Essentials nonmotor composites. In the case that blocks and response booklets are not used, the following composites are available: