Always Learning

Developmental Reading Assessment®, 2nd Edition PLUS
(DRA2+)

 
 
 

Product Details

Proven Reading Assessment

DRA2+

The Developmental Reading Assessment®, Second Edition, PLUS (DRA2+) is a formative reading assessment in which teachers are able to systematically observe, record, and evaluate changes in student reading performance.

DRA2+ is a proven, criterion-referenced assessment and includes recommendations for scaffolded support to increase student reading proficiency. DRA2+ has undergone rigorous field-testing and is supported by sound validity and reliability analyses.

*A student's DRA2 level (independent reading level) reflects the student's oral reading fluency (95% accuracy) and comprehension (90%) at independent performance levels.



What's New with DRA2+?

Coming in Spring 2015

Introducing the DRA2+ App

The future of Literacy is in your hands! With the DRA2+ App for iPad, now it is even easier to manage DRA2 results! Save time on reporting. Gain time for instruction.

The DRA2+ App for the iPad provides teachers with:

  • Access to DRA2 Benchmark, Word Analysis and Progress Monitoring and EDL2 Benchmark, EDL2 Word Analysis and Spanish Progress Monitoring Assessments
  • Easy-to-use technology to administer DRA2+
  • Automatic scoring and ongoing view of student progress to effectively differentiate instruction
  • Enhanced reporting for additional analysis of DRA2+ results
  • Consistent assessment administration to ensure reliable results across schools
  • Paperless teacher environment that yields instant accountability reports to gain more time for instruction

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Features and Benefits

Effectively evaluate each student's reading ability with a research-based assessment with demonstrated reliability and validity.

  • Development of the DRA2 was based on what educators and the extant research literature identified as being key characteristics and behaviors of good readers. The DRA2 is based upon a number of premises which were drawn from a variety of sources including the research literature concerning reading development and instruction.
  • The following reliability analyses were conducted on DRA2: (1) Internal Consistency Reliability, (2) Passage Equivalency, (3) Test-Retest Reliability, and (4) Inter-Rater and Expert Rater Reliabilities. 
  • DRA2 is a valid measurement of accuracy, fluency, and comprehension as evidenced by the following validity measurements: (1) Criterion-Related Validity, (2) Construct Validity, and (3) Content Validity.

Give educators the tools they need to observe and document student reading abilities as well as inform instructional practice.

  • Determine each student's independent (or instructional) level with an evaluation of three components of reading: reading engagement, oral reading fluency, and comprehension
  • Quickly determine student's instructional needs with the completed Continuum. Based on those needs, teachers create a plan documenting what each student needs to learn next with the Focus for Instruction. Once the assessment is complete, teachers can used this information to differentiate instruction and create instructional groups.
  • Obtain more in-depth information with DRA Word Analysis, included with DRA2 K-3. This diagnostic assessment provides educators with a systematic means to observe how struggling and emerging readers attend to and work with various components of spoken and written words.

Easily analyze data, communicate results, and group students with powerful report available on paper and electronically.

  • Determine proficiency and document change over time with a book graph form that enables educators to monitor student reading progress over time, confirm ongoing observations, and track them compared to benchmarks.
  • Group students for instruction using a class profile form that shows how the class is doing as a whole by reading level and Focus for Instruction areas.
  • Share results with administrators, parents, and students with the following reports:
    • Student Book Graph monitors students' reading level progress across their school years. A shaded area represents below-grade-level performance, so students' proficiency over time can also be tracked.
    • Class Reporting Form records students' DRA2 text levels and scores for Reading Engagement, Oral Reading Fluency, and Comprehension.
    • Focus for Instruction: Class Profile enables teachers to easily group students for instruction based on specific needs.
    • Student Assessment Folder provides storage and longitudinal monitoring of an individual student's progress. Store DRA2 forms inside this folder. Printed on the folder is a record of the student's DRA2 assessments, Student Book Graph, and fiction and nonfiction results.
  • Provide a secure environment for educators to archive and manage student assessment results over time, review student data that is calculated, and retrieve student data for a variety of purposes with DRA2 Online. Once DRA2 data is entered into DRA2 Online by teachers, the information is available at school and district levels. All the reports provided in the paper forms are created by DRA2 Online with a click of a button.
  • Use the latest technology – the smarter, better, and faster solution – for administering DRA2, communicating its results, and differentiating instruction: The DRA2 App for iPads doesn't just archive, manage and report results, but is also used during the administration of the assessment. Thus, the DRA2 app saves time, eliminates paperwork (And the expense of photocopying) and ensures consistent administration.

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DRA2 Grades K-3 (Print)

The Basics

The DRA2 Benchmark Assessment measures each student's reading proficiency through systematic observation, recording, and evaluating of performance.  Administer the Benchmark Assessment to identify an instructional plan that will meet the needs of each student.

The Process

By following the straightforward, four-step process, the DRA2 Benchmark Assessment pinpoints student strengths, abilities, and needs.

Step 1: Reading Engagement 
Observe Student reading habits, preferences, and goals

Step 2: Oral Reading Fluency
Analyze and record oral reading

Step 3: Comprehension
Evaluate how well students understand the information they have read

Step 4: Teacher Analysis 
Use Assessment results to personalize instruction to meet the needs of every learner

The Package

The DRA2+ K-3 Comprehensive Package includes:

  • DRA2 Benchmark Assessment (K-3 Teacher's Guide, 1 set of 23 grades K-1 Benchmark Books, 3 sets of 22 grades 2-4 Benchmark Books, Spiral-bound Blackline Masters Book, Blackline Masters CD (with PDFs), Laminated Assessment Procedures Overview Card with Record of Oral Reading Guidelines, Training DVD, Timing Calculation Clipboard, Organizer with hanging folders, 30 Student Assessment Folders)
  • DRA2 Word Analysis Kit (Teacher Resource Book, Student Assessment Book and Training CD)
  • DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (Progress Monitoring Teacher's Guide, Blackline Masters CD with 95 leveled passages, and 16 Instructional Routine Cards)

Download Brochure

**Also available in Spanish Evaluación del desarrollo de la lectura®

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DRA2 Grades 4-8 (Print)

The Basics

The DRA2 Benchmark Assessment measures each student's reading proficiency through systematic observation, recording, and evaluating of performance.  Administer the Benchmark Assessment to identify an instructional plan that will meet the needs of each student.

The Process

By following the straightforward, four-step process, the DRA2 Benchmark Assessment pinpoints student strengths, abilities, and needs

Step 1: Reading Engagement 
Observe Student reading habits, preferences, and goals

Step 2: Oral Reading Fluency
Analyze and record oral reading

Step 3: Comprehension
Evaluate how well students understand the information they have read

Step 4: Teacher Analysis 
Use Assessment results to personalize instruction to meet the needs of every learner

The Package

The DRA2+ 4-8 Comprehensive Package includes:

  • DRA2 Benchmark Assessment (4-8 Teacher's Guide, 3 sets of 28 Benchmark Books levels 20-80, Spiral-bound Blackline Masters Book, Blackline Masters CD (with PDFs), Laminated Assessment Procedures Overview Card with Record of Oral Reading Guidelines, Training DVD, Timing Calculation Clipboard, Organizer with hanging folders, 30 Student Assessment Folders)
  • DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (Progress Monitoring Teacher's Guide, Blackline Masters CD with 95 leveled passages, and 16 Instructional Routine Cards)

Download Brochure

**Also available in Spanish Evaluación del desarrollo de la lectura®

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DRA2+ K-3 App

The App

DRA2

The intuitive DRA2+ App for the iPad guides teachers through theDevelopmental Reading Assessment steps with ease. Assess each student's reading performance to determine an independent reading level as well as the precise instruction needed to achieve reading success. The DRA2+ App for the iPad includes access to the Benchmark Assessment, Word Analysis, and Progress Monitoring Assessment for both DRA2 and EDL2.

The DRA2+ App for iPad gives teachers the ability to:

  • Capture student responses
  • Record student oral reading for on-demand playback
  • Score student performance at point of use
  • Determine student DRA level
  • Monitor progress of struggling readers
  • Assess Word Analysis skills
  • Highlight areas of need for instructional focus
  • Customize target performance and benchmark levels
  • Access student, class, school, and district reports online via the DRADashboard

The Dashboard

With the DRADashboard, teachers and administrators can access student, class, school and district reports on-demand.  The DRADashboard helps teachers understand the strengths and weaknesses of their students so that they may provide focused instruction that is meaningful and personalized. (Access to the DRADashboard is included with the purchase of the DRA2+ Student License for the App.)

Download Brochure

DRA2+ App for iPad License

Teachers may download the DRA2+ app from the App Store. Access to the app is provided through purchase of student licenses. School year 2013-14 licenses are $12 per student, annual subscription.

For pricing, promotional offerings and additional information on the DRA2+ app, please contact your Pearson account executive.

All Purchase Orders must include the name and email address of the person responsible for district administrative functions related to DRA2+.

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DRA2+ 4-8 App

DRA2

The intuitive DRA2+ App for the iPad guides teachers through the Developmental Reading Assessment steps with ease. Assess each student's reading performance to determine an independent reading level as well as the precise instruction needed to achieve reading success. The DRA2+ App for the iPad includes access to the Benchmark Assessment, Word Analysis, and Progress Monitoring Assessment for both DRA2 and EDL2.

The DRA2+ App for iPad gives teachers the ability to:

  • Capture student responses
  • Record student oral reading for on-demand playback
  • Score student performance at point of use
  • Determine student DRA level
  • Monitor progress of struggling readers
  • Assess Word Analysis skills
  • Highlight areas of need for instructional focus
  • Customize target performance and benchmark levels
  • Access student, class, school, and district reports online via the DRADashboard

The Dashboard

With the DRADashboard, teachers and administrators can access student, class, school and district reports on-demand. The DRADashboard helps teachers understand the strengths and weaknesses of their students so that they may provide focused instruction that is meaningful and personalized. (Access to the DRADashboard is included with the purchase of the DRA2+ Student License for the App.)

Download Brochure

DRA2+ App for iPad License

Teachers may download the DRA2+ app from the App Store. Access to the app is provided through purchase of student licenses. School year 2013-14 licenses are $12 per student, annual subscription.

For pricing, promotional offerings and additional information on the DRA2+ app, please contact your Pearson account executive.

All Purchase Orders must include the name and email address of the person responsible for district administrative functions related to DRA2+.

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DRA Word Analysis

Observe and Assess Foundational Skills

DRA Word Analysis

The DRA2 Word Analysis assesses skills related to Phonological Awareness, Metalanguage, Letter/Word Recognition, Phonics and Structural Analysis/ Syllabication. Administer Word Analysis to emerging and struggling readers to help students develop the skills needed for reading proficiency.

  • Consists of 40 word-analysis tasks that assess a student's level of control
  • Covers five strands, including Phonological Awareness, Metalanguage, Letter/Word Recognition, Phonics and Structural Analysis
  • Provides subtests that measure specific skills and application of strategies

* Also available for EDL2, Análisis de palabras

Download Brochure

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DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment

Intervene with Confidence

DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment

The DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment includes brief passages DRA levels 4-60 so that teachers may regularly observe and record reading behaviors of students between Benchmark Assessments. Administer the DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment to ensure that reading deficits are being addressed.

  • Monitor oral reading rate
  • Track oral reading accuracy
  • Evaluate comprehension skills
  • Analyze vocabulary and word recognition

* Also available for EDL2, Análisis de palabras

Download Brochure

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DRA2+ Online Management System

Save time on reporting, gain time for instruction.

This innovative system provides a secure, convenient way for teachers to group students for instruction and to manage each student's DRA™ assessment information. 

Slash time spent on data aggregation and maximize time spent on instruction

Just log in and let DRA2+ Online Management System provide you with a secure environment where you can store and manage your students' assessment results over time. With DRA2+ Online Management System, you can:

  • Create flexible groups instantly
  • Archive DRA2+ records online from any computer with internet access
  • Quickly retrieve student data to share with parents or administrators
  • Provide powerful instruction based on precise information that is available instantly

Click here to register for a free trial of the Online Management System.

Click here System Requirements.

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Bilingual Programs

Research-based and widely field tested, the Evaluacion del desarrollo de la lectura, Segunda Edicion K - 6 (EDL2), helps students become independent successful readers by giving educators the right mix of tools needed to assess accuracy, fluency, and comprehension.

Click here to learn more about Evaluacion Del Desarrollo De La Lectura®, 2 (EDL2)

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Authors

Joetta Beaver and a group of primary teachers in Upper Arlington School District, OH, are the authors and the driving force behind the nationally acclaimed K-3 program. Because of the DRA K-3 success, Joetta Beaver and Mark Carter, Ph.D. teamed up and expanded the program to include an intermediate grade assessment, DRA 4-8.

Joetta Beaver

JoettaWith a bachelor of science in elementary education and master's degree in reading from The Ohio State University, Joetta Beaver worked as an elementary teacher (K-5) for 30 years, as well as a K-5 Language Arts/Assessment coordinator and an Early Education teacher-leader. She is the primary author of DRA2 K-3, co-author of DRA2 4-8 and Developing Writer's Assessment (DWA), consultant, and speaker.

Mark Carter, PhD

MarkWith assessment the focus of much of his professional work, Mark Carter served as a coordinator of assessment for Upper Arlington Schools (where he currently teachers fifth grade), conducted numerous seminars, and co-authored DRA2 4-8, DWA, and Portfolio Assessment in the Reading Classroom. He received his doctorate of philosophy from The Ohio State University where he also taught graduate courses in education as an adjunct professor.

 

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Resources

Research

Development of the DRA2 was based on what educators and the extant research literature identified as being key characteristics and behaviors of good readers. The DRA2 is founded on a number of premises drawn from various sources, including the research literature concerning reading development and instruction.

The following reliability analyses were performed during DRA2 development:

  • Internal consistency reliability
  • Passage equivalency
  • Test-retest reliability
  • Interrater and expert rater reliabilities

The DRA2 is a valid measurement of accuracy, fluency, and comprehension, as evidenced by the following validity measures:

  • Criterion-related validity
  • Construct validity
  • Content validity

Download the DRA2 Technical Manual by clicking here.

Correlations

National

Title Alignment Criteria Grade
Words Their Way: Word Study in Action Developmental Reading Assessment® (DRA) 2nd Edition ©2006 Word Analysis K-5
Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2), DRA2 Word Analysis, and DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (PMA) Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts Kindergarten
Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2), DRA2 Word Analysis, and DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (PMA) Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts 1
Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2), DRA2 Word Analysis, and DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (PMA) Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts 2
Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2), DRA2 Word Analysis, and DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (PMA) Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts 3
Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2), DRA2 Word Analysis, and DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (PMA) Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts 4
Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2), DRA2 Word Analysis, and DRA2 Progress Monitoring Assessment (PMA) Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts 5

Louisiana

Title Alignment Criteria Grade
Developmental Reading Assessment®, 2nd Edition PLUS (DRA2+) Louisiana English Language Arts-Content Standards Benchmarks for K-4 for Transitional Readers K-4
Developmental Reading Assessment®, 2nd Edition PLUS (DRA2+) Louisiana English Language Arts-Content Standards Benchmarks for K-4 for Extending Readers K-4
Developmental Reading Assessment®, 2nd Edition PLUS (DRA2+) Louisiana English Language Arts-Content Standards Benchmarks for K-4 for Emergent Readers K-4
Developmental Reading Assessment®, 2nd Edition PLUS (DRA2+) Louisiana English Language Arts-Content Standards Benchmarks for K-4 for Early Readers K-4

New Jersey

Title Alignment Criteria Grade
New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards for Language Arts Literacyfor Language Arts Literacy New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards for Language Arts Literacy 5-6

Virginia

Title Alignment Criteria Grade
DRA2 Word Analysis Virginia Learning Standards Kindergarten
DRA2 Word Analysis Virginia Learning Standards 1
DRA2 Word Analysis Virginia Learning Standards 2
DRA2 Word Analysis Virginia Learning Standards 3

Related Materials

Good Habits, Great Readers is Pearson's balanced literacy curriculum built around the DRA2's Focus for Instruction. Use DRA2 and Good Habits together in your classroom for a fully integrated curriculum and assessment solution that meets the needs of all of your students.

Learn more about Good Habits, Great Readers.

 

The Book Expert Independent Reading Libraries are compiled from Pearson's extensive leveled library collection to foster independent reading. Each collection is organized by DRA level, developmental stage or grade level and includes a variety of fiction and non-fiction titles. Every library collection also includes a Teacher's Resource guide.

Learn more about the Book Expert Independent Reading Libraries.

 
 
 

Download a Brochure

For more information, please view the following PDF's:

Download Brochure

Download Flyer

Training

  • Webinars

    Check out this informational webinar about the new DRA2+ app!

    Instructional Services

    We deliver face-to-face in-depth and extended training to help teachers develop effective strategies and enhance instructional practice.  Dedicated, experienced consultants work with you on product implementation, classroom management, analysis of student work, and more.  Our Instructional Services bring our programs to life and will enhance teacher and student learning! 

    Training at your convenience!

    In addition to on-site training, Pearson offers web-based product training in the form of self-paced modules and instructor-led webinars - available at your convenience, 24/7. Learn more about In-Service In-Sync at www.mypearsontraining.com.

     
 

FAQs

Questions

Frequently asked questions follow. Click on a question to see the response.

Frequently Asked Questions About DRA2, K–3

  • What is the appropriate number of times to administer DRA2?

    In general, the assessment is given twice a year (fall and spring) to provide teachers with information to guide instruction. There is always the option to administer the assessment more frequently. Oftentimes, the assessment is administered at midyear to identify the needs or skills of students who are challenged readers. It is also given mid-year, in some cases, to monitor student progress and to provide more instructional guidance.

  • Is it okay to prompt the child and ask the child to reread with better expression?

    No. When a student is reading aloud during the assessment, it is not an instructional moment. The information gained from the student’s oral reading is intended to be a snapshot of the student’s skills at that point in time. The teacher should use the information gleaned from the assessment to guide instruction in the weeks to come.

  • Do we count a word error if a child misreads the word every time it is repeated in the text?

    Every error, except for the repetition of a person’s name (Raymond for Ramon), is counted each time.

  • Should the retelling expectations be the same for a first grader and a third grader?

    Yes, but on varied levels of text difficulty. In other words, a first grader reading DRA2 text Levels 4 to 16 would still require a score of 20 on the Comprehension section of the Continuum to demonstrate an Independent response, but he or she would be retelling text that is simpler/less complex. A third grader would be extracting the information from text that is longer and more complex. It is important to model and teach how to give a retelling, as well as have students practice giving retellings.

Frequently Asked Questions About DRA2, 4–8

  • Do we count a word error if a student misreads the word every time it is repeated in the text?

    In DRA2, you should use the procedures set forth by Dr. Clay for scoring and analyzing running records. Every error, except for the repetition of a person’s name (Raymond for Ramon), is counted each time.

  • Why does the DRA2 count all the errors in an oral passage instead of counting only the significant miscues, as in Jerry Johns’ Basic Reading Inventory (BRI)?

    The DRA2 counts all the errors in order to be more consistent. One teacher may consider an error insignificant, while another teacher may consider that same error as important.

  • How does the DRA2 inform instruction for Independent students?

    Students who score in the Independent range in Comprehension and oral reading Accuracy and Rate will still benefit from further instruction. Examine the pattern of circled statements on the student’s Continuum to identify areas to instruct/scaffold (Intervention or Instructional scores), extend (Independent or Advanced scores), or reinforce (Independent or Advanced scores). See the Moving Into Instruction section of the Handbook for specific instructional activities based on what students are “generally able to do” and what they “are learning to do.”

    The two best questions to ask at the end of a DRA2 are:

    • Have I learned anything new about this student from this assessment?

    • Is there more teaching that needs to take place at this point?

    If the answer to either question is yes, the information to guide instruction has been obtained.

  • What is the appropriate number of times to administer DRA2?

    In general, DRA2 is given twice a year (fall and spring) to provide teachers with information to guide instruction. There is always the option to administer the assessment more frequently. Often times, the assessment is administered at midyear to identify the needs or skills of students who are challenged readers. It is also given midyear, in some cases, to monitor student progress and provide more instructional guidance.

  • Is it okay to prompt the student and ask the student to reread with better expression?

    No.When a student is reading aloud during the assessment, it is not an instructional moment. The information gained from the student’s oral reading is intended to be a snapshot of the student’s skills at that point in time. The teacher should use the information gleaned from the assessment to guide instruction in the weeks to come.

  • How do DRA levels correlate with the Fountas and Pinnell Guided Reading levels?

    DRA levels represent on-grade level texts and correspond with the range of Fountas and Pinnell Guided Reading levels in the on-grade level zone. In addition, observations of students’ oral reading, coupled with the information from the Continuum and Focus for Instruction, provide teachers with direction for instruction and/or guided reading.

Pricing & Ordering

Learn More About DRA2+

Find program component and
pricing information here.

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Product and Order Help

Sales Inquiries
To order DRA2+ or meet with your Pearson Specialist, please dial 866-842-7428 or learningassessments@pearson.com

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Our customer support reps can consult with you on products and order questions.

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E: k12customerservice@pearson.com